By Heinrich Heimann
Angiography of the ocular fundus is a
standard exam approach that are meant to be mastered by way of each ophthalmologist
treating posterior section diseases.
Outstanding photographs - concise text
- Description of the main correct disorder entities visible
in day-by-day practice
- Double-page layout
- Excellent angiographic photodocumentation
- Combined with
significant reviews on pathogenesis, symptoms for angiography, extra
diagnostic examinations and choice making
- The most modern classifications of early and past due AMD
- Learn average angiographic methods
- Search for crucial angiographic patterns
- Interpret angiographies confidently
- Follow-up on fresh AMD treatmentregimens together with intravitreal
injections of VEGF-antagonists
Up-to-date program and additional advancements
of average techniques:
- Fluorescein angiography
- Indocyanine angiography
Use and boundaries of evolving techniques:
- Fundus autofluorescence
- Infrared reflectance imaging
- Wide-angle imaging
from the adventure of popular teachers in various specialities!
Read or Download Atlas of fundus angiography PDF
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Additional info for Atlas of fundus angiography
Soft drusen accumulate fluorescein more slowly during the course of the angiography. The hyperfluorescence is not as clear, but continues to be present for a longer period in comparison with hard drusen. ¼ The distinction between confluent soft drusen and a small choroidal neovascularization (CNV) or RPE detachment can be difficult to establish, due to the slow increase in hyperfluorescence. 28 Ulrich Kellner Diagnosis and Treatment ¼ The diagnosis can usually be established by binocular ophthalmoscopy.
Anaphylactic Shock ¼ Anaphylactic shock is a rare adverse effect of fluorescein or indocyanine green angiography that can quickly develop into a life-threatening situation. The incidence is approximately one in 2000 examinations. ¼ Anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions do not differ either in their clinical profiles or the respective acute treatments. ¼ From the methodological point of view, the severity of an anaphylactic reaction should be classified according to clinical stages; different organ systems can develop completely different stages side by side.
Hard and soft drusen in the macula can be seen.
Atlas of fundus angiography by Heinrich Heimann