Download e-book for iPad: Another Phenomenology of Humanity: A Reading of A Dream of by Xunwu Chen

By Xunwu Chen

ISBN-10: 1498504558

ISBN-13: 9781498504553

One other Phenomenology of Humanity: A interpreting of A Dream of crimson Mansions is dedicated to constructing one other model of phenomenology of humanity—human nature, human inclinations and human desires—by taking A Dream of crimson Mansions, the crown jewel of chinese language tradition, as its major literary paradigm of representation. The model of phenomenology of humanity at factor is a synthesis of the Confucian, Daoist, Buddhist and Western existentialist phenomenological money owed of humanity—for instance, what's humanity, what make people as human, human nature, human emotions, human wishes, 3 middle human existential pursuits, and 4 simple difficulties of human life.

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Additional resources for Another Phenomenology of Humanity: A Reading of A Dream of Red Mansions

Sample text

It is a natural law having important bearing on one’s happiness and fate. While one’s thoughts, choices, and actions define importantly one’s fate, one’s thoughts, choices, and actions are causally and normatively related to one’s mind, body, human nature, dispositions, desires, and existential interests. One’s mind, body, human nature, dispositions, desires, and existential interests produce a person in whole as an aggregation of diverse energies and forces that have an inherent tendency to go beyond limits of thing.

In other words, fate is an inherent structure of one’s existence. It connotes a structural mandate. In this sense, in Daoism, Laozi characterized a return to fate as a return to the Dao. The Dao defines a proper orbit of existence. In Confucianism, another aspect of the distinction between right fate and wrong fate is that right fate connotes a structure of existence that is consistent with 36 Chapter 2 the Dao, while wrong fate is a structure inconsistent with the Dao. By this token, in A Dream of Red Mansions, many protagonists lived in violation of the Dao and therefore had wrong fates.

It is quite another to let them eat one’s mind and body. A distinction exists between rich in desires and excess in desires. The concept of wu ji bi fan does not exclude the concept of having many desires. By the same token, human feelings of love, hate, sadness, joy, fear, anger, and belonging are functions of human nature and constitutive of human consciousness. Having no human feelings or having no human heart marks persons as nonhumans, for example, machines or beasts. That said, excessive and unbridled feelings and obsession with particular feelings are self-destructive.

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Another Phenomenology of Humanity: A Reading of A Dream of Red Mansions by Xunwu Chen

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