By Juliet Clutton-Brock
Drawing at the most up-to-date learn in archaeozoology, archaeology, and molecular biology, Animals as Domesticates strains the background of the domestication of animals around the globe. From the llamas of South the US and the turkeys of North the USA, to the farm animals of India and the Australian dingo, this attention-grabbing booklet explores the historical past of the complicated relationships among people and their family animals. With specialist perception into the organic and cultural methods of domestication, Clutton-Brock indicates how the human intuition for nurturing could have remodeled relationships among predator and prey, and she or he explains how animals became partners, cattle, and workers. The altering face of domestication is traced from the unfold of the earliest farm animals round the Neolithic outdated international via old Egypt, the Greek and Roman empires, South East Asia, and as much as the fashionable commercial age.
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Extra resources for Animals as Domesticates: A World View through History
All the evidence comes from rock drawings in the Sayan Mountains on the border of Siberia and Mongolia, which combine the images of reindeer with other domestic animals: dogs, camels, and goats. 30 From the melting of the ice, 10,000 years ago, until the first evidence for the domestication of plants and animals in Europe, around 3,000 years had to elapse, during which time sea levels rose and forests spread over the landscape. The faunal composition changed with the change of the ecosystems, and only the hunter-gatherers, as the master predators, remained the same, perfecting their strategies for social living and increasing in numbers.
An aid to the domestication process that does not require selection is castration, which leads to great changes in male animals. It causes the bones to continue to grow in length but not in girth, and it increases the deposits of body fat. An ox will have a heavier body but longer, more slender limbs and horns than a bull fed on the same diet. But most important for the human owner, castration turns an aggressive bull into a placid and submissive plow ox. It is probable that castration has been carried out on male animals since the beginning of livestock husbandry.
3. Human-animal relationships-History. I. Title. 08'2 -dc23 2011031274 Cover design by Erin Kirk New Book design by Scribe Inc. com) Cover art is of a caravan of Arctic reindeer herders on the move and is reproduced with permission from yvind Ravna's Photo Collection. Back cover art is a seal from Mohenjo-Daro (2500 BCE) showing an Indian elephant and is used courtesy of Richard H. Meadow. Michigan State University Press is a member of the Green Press Initiative and is committed to developing and encouraging ecologically responsible publishing practices.
Animals as Domesticates: A World View through History by Juliet Clutton-Brock