By Ruth Harrison
A reprint of a ebook initially released in 1964, with new contributions atmosphere a contemporary context. the unique publication is made from 10 chapters overlaying and describing the tools of in depth farming of bird and cattle in the course of the Nineteen Sixties. It was once aimed toward growing information in regards to the construction of animals lower than synthetic and harmful stipulations that succeed in factory-like installations. concentration is given on broiler chickens, chicken packing stations, battery birds, veal calves, foundation of caliber, volume as opposed to caliber and animal cruelty and laws. on hand In Print
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We don’t ill-treat them,’ said a broiler manager, a likeable young man with a great capacity for hard work, ‘they live in a nice warm atmosphere out of the wind and the rain, and have ad lib. food. ’ Rather like a club – Shall we examine this touching simile a little more closely? Hatcheries draw their eggs from breeding stock kept on free range or in deep litter houses. Very few breeders keep their hens in batteries because the chicks must be supremely healthy to cope with their subsequent factory conditions in broiler or battery houses.
Applied Animal Behaviour Science 20, 352–355. J. ) (1992) Sustainable Livestock Farming into the 21st Century. Centre for Agricultural Strategy, University of Reading, Reading, UK. R. and Ladewig, J. (1994) Environmental requirements of pigs measured by behavioural demand functions. Animal Behaviour 47, 713–719. Stolba, A. M. (1989) The behaviour of pigs in a semi-natural environment. Animal Production 48, 419–425. H. (1965) The assessment of pain and distress in animals. Appendix III. R. (Chairman) Report of the Technical Committee to Enquire into the Welfare of Animals Kept under Intensive Husbandry Conditions.
Many broilermen have their chickens de-beaked to avoid feather pecking and fighting in the later stages. You can see what this removal of part of the upper mandible looks like in Fig. 7. It has been suggested that complete removal of the upper and lower mandibles would be a still better idea. The chicken would have no possibility of damaging its neighbours and could still manage pellets of food. How it would drink is not described. Another idea, adopted by the Japanese, and not without a droll touch of humour, is to provide the chickens with spectacles.
Animal machines by Ruth Harrison