By Guangqiu Xu
conventional chinese language drugs constructed over hundreds of thousands of years, yet alterations brought from 1835-1935 via American missionary medical professionals initiated a landslide of cultural revolution within the urban of Canton and scientific modernization all through China. targeting clinical missionaries’ rules and techniques in a significant urban of the interval, Canton, Guangqiu Xu, a local of Canton, describes the long term effect of yank versions of clinical paintings, that are nonetheless in position in China today.
regardless of stiff resistance to alter and chinese language suspicion of overseas rules, the effect of yankee clinical missionaries used to be profound. They opened clinical colleges, knowledgeable glossy medical professionals, and promoted public wellbeing and fitness schooling. those alterations in flip resulted in significant social pursuits within the modernization of Canton, comparable to the women’s rights stream, glossy charity and welfare platforms, and sleek hygiene campaigns.
This booklet makes a speciality of the alterations American medical professionals dropped at Canton, their implementation, what is still in their effect this present day, and the way a few of these differences have unfold throughout China. It indicates that the chinese language have themselves develop into extra conscious of cultural relatives with the united states as a part of the popularity of those adjustments, and demonstrates how the original combination of contemporary Western and conventional chinese language drugs has helped modernize China and make Canton the cradle of recent reform and revolution in China.
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Extra info for American doctors in Canton : modernization in China, 1835-1935
Ralph Croizier, Traditional Medicine in Modern China: Science, Nationalism, and the Tensions of Cultural Changes (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968). Peter Buck, American Science and Modern China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980), chapter 2. See, for examples, G. H. Choa, “Heal the Sick” Was Their Motto: The Protestant Medical Missionaries in China (Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 1990); M. Cristina Zaccarini, The Sino-American Friendship as Tradition and Challenge: Dr.
Kerr took over Dr. A. P. Harper’s medical work at the Huiji Dispensary of the Presbyterian Mission in the southern suburb of Canton. After the Canton Hospital was shifted to his care in May 1855, Kerr managed both the hospital and dispensary. The number of patients visiting the dispensary during the twenty-two months of its existence was greater than that of those visiting the Canton Hospital. After the Second Opium War between China and England-France broke out in 1856, hostilities between the Chinese and the Westerners became so great that the Canton Hospital was forcibly closed in October.
Maybe the most crucial lesson learned from the 1916 crisis was the requirement of a better and more stable organization. A new strategy was designed, and the Canton Medical Missionary Union was established that year. 32 The Canton Hospital became more popular than before. 36 The Hospital, however, with the new arrangement, was shifted to the directors of Lingnan University on July 23, 1930, provided that they would carry on the objectives of the Medical Missionary Society as articulated in its constitution—healing patients, teaching medicine, and preaching Christianity—and use all funds received from the Society and its properties for these objectives.
American doctors in Canton : modernization in China, 1835-1935 by Guangqiu Xu