By Victoria Sandilands, Paul M. Hocking
How fowl are housed and controlled that allows you to confirm profitability, sustainability, and stable degrees of animal welfare are the difficult matters that advertisement fowl keepers face, really the place laws is bringing approximately criminal necessities for housing. This booklet compares and contrasts substitute housing with traditional and standard platforms for advertisement bird (laying hens, meat chickens, turkeys, waterfowl and gamebirds) on the subject of welfare, ailment, well-being, food, sustainability and genotype-environment interplay.
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Extra resources for Alternative systems for poultry : health, welfare and productivity
COE Conventionsa and Recommendationsb Comments European Convention for the Protection of Animals kept for Farming Purposes Treaty requires Standing Committee to monitor the Convention and to (TAP) produce new and ETS No. 087 (1976) revised Recommendations Protocol of Amendment Extended scope of TAP to the European to include extensive Convention for the systems and Protection of biotechnology Animals kept for Farming Purposes ETS No. 145 (1992) EU legislationc Comments Council Directive 78/823/EC EU party to treaty Convention part of EU aquisd Council Directive 98/58/EC Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 Commission Decision 2006/778/EC General welfare requirements for all farmed animals Official Controls on verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules Requires reporting of welfare inspections Legislation and Assurance Schemes on Alternative Systems for Poultry Welfare COE Conventionsa and Recommendationsb Comments 35 EU legislation Comments Recommendations on fowls 1995/1986 Binding on parties but parties may notify TAP and opt out of some provisions Council Directive 1999/74/EC Council Directive 2007/43/EC Recommendations on fowls 1995/1986 Requires parties to consider registration of holdings, training and licensing of persons caring for fowls Council Directive 2002/4/EC Council Regulation (EC) 1234/2007 Commission Regulation 589/2008/EC Council Regulation 2092/91/EEC Scope of EU legislation on poultry is confined to large intensive establishments but provides more detailed prescriptive provisions EU rules have more detailed provisions for hens kept in cage, enriched cage, barn and free range systems EU rules on meat chickens are limited to intensive production but have more detailed provision on stocking density, resources and management Registration of establishments with hens Marketing and marking of hatching eggs and poultry meat Detailed rules for production methods and labelling of eggs and poultry meat Organic production standards, etc.
Alternative systems for laying hens, pullets and meat chickens should provide an environment where the hen can choose and find resources she is motivated to seek. The challenge is to arrange the facilities in a poultry house in a way that minimizes conflicts between hens with different motivations and that still optimizes management. In our opinion only multi-tier systems or aviaries with covered outside runs have the potential to meet this requirement. However, the systems that are actually available are not perfect but will need constant endeavours to improve them.
1988) Making the best cage decisions. In: Cages for the Future, Proceedings of the Cambridge Poultry Conference. Agricultural Development and Advisory Service, Cambridge, UK, pp. 70-76. A. (1990) Recent developments in laying cages designed to improve bird welfare. World's Poultry Science Journal 46, 34-37. FAL (2005) Modellvorhaben ausgestaltete Kafige: Produktion, Verhalten, Hygiene und Okonomie in ausgestalteten Kafigen von 4 Herstellern in 6 Legehennenbetrieben. FAL, Braunschweig, Germany.
Alternative systems for poultry : health, welfare and productivity by Victoria Sandilands, Paul M. Hocking