Read e-book online A Short History of Linguistics (Longman Linguistics Library) PDF

By R.H. Robins

ISBN-10: 0582523974

ISBN-13: 9780582523975

This entire revision and updating of Professor Robins' vintage textual content deals a entire account of the historical past of linguistic notion from its ecu origins a few 2500 years in the past to the current day. It examines the self reliant improvement of linguistic technology in China and Medieval Islam, and particularly in India, which used to be to have a profound influence on eu and American linguistics from the top of the eighteenth century. The fourth variation of a brief historical past of Linguistics provides a better prominence to the paintings of Wilhelm von Humboldt, end result of the lasting significance of his paintings on language on the subject of common eighteenth century considering and of its perceived relevance within the latter half the 20th century to numerous points of generative grammatical idea. the ultimate part, protecting the 20 th century, has been rewritten and divided into new chapters, that allows you to deal successfully with the more and more divergent improvement of descriptive and theoretical linguistics that came about within the latter half this century. Readable and authoritative, Professor Robins' advent offers a transparent and up to date evaluate of the entire significant concerns within the gentle of up to date scholarly debate, and should be crucial analyzing for undergraduate and graduate scholars of linguistics alike.

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Sample text

Basically it was an Alexandrian work, but Thrax was obviously aware of Stoic linguistic studies and some traces of Stoic influence have been detected in it. Some doubts on the authenticity of the text as we have it were raised in later antiquity and have been revived in modern times, 57 and there are certain difficulties over this question, though the majority of scholars have accepted it as the work of Dionysius Thrax, and its genuineness will be assumed here. Certainly the stage in Greek grammatical thought that it represents appears to have been reached at this time and to have been assumed by later grammarians.

G. g. g. " These three properties of letters continued to be distinguished throughout antiquity, their Latin names being potestiis (power), figiira (shape), and nomen (name). g. 32 A number of precise and correct observations on the phonetics of Greek were made by ~ncient s~holars, and they are of great value in · reconstructing the pronunciation of Greek (and so are the phonetic statements of the later Latin grammarians); but several serious omissions of factual observation as well as a lack of adequate descriptive theory ·remain; and in the history of phonetics Grecoc Roman work is not of prime significance.

Passive, and neutral (intransitive), with their separate relationships to the nominal case forms. One finds under the active verbs the statement that they designate an action 'passing over to something or someone else', whence the Latin verbum transitivum and English transitive verb may be said to originate. BI These developments foreshadow the distinction of subject and object and of later concepts such as government (rection) and dependency. Such however do not appear to have been part of Apollonius's descriptive apparatus.

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A Short History of Linguistics (Longman Linguistics Library) by R.H. Robins

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