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Conclusion In their effort to develop their local currency corporate bond markets, policymakers in some Asian countries face fundamental questions. In the case of primary markets, should they emphasise further growth even if issuance remains concentrated in quasi-government issuers and those with explicit or implicit credit guarantees? Or should they focus their efforts on disclosure rules, accounting standards and transparency so that investors can get the information they need for assessing credit risk for a broader range of potential issuers?

BIS Papers No 26 23 Developing multiple layers of financial intermediation: the complementary roles of corporate bond markets and banks Suresh Sundaresan 1 Columbia University “…[R]ecent crises have underscored certain financial structure vulnerabilities that are not readily assuaged in the short-run but, nonetheless, will be increasingly important to address in any endeavour to build formidable buffers against financial distress. ] “Before the crisis broke there was little reason to question the three decades of phenomenally solid East Asian economic growth, largely financed through the banking system, so long as rapidly expanding bank credit outpaced lagging losses and hence depressed the ratio of non-performing loans to total bank assets.

Hence, railroads reduced their external finance premium by borrowing directly from the public. More generally, firms with a good public image, which produce a product that is widely used and easily monitored, have an incentive to bypass bank loans in order to exploit their transparency to lower their external finance premium. Nevertheless, firms with direct access to the bond market continue to fund themselves in part with bank loans because banks provide a number of other financial services. These include: backstop financing with a line of credit; access to debtor-in-possession borrowing in the event of bankruptcy; customised borrowing (as opposed to standardised debt instruments used to access the credit market directly); and confidential borrowing, for instance when secrecy is needed for a borrower to appropriate the returns to investment financed with external funds.

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A Handbook of Asia Minor: Volume IV.2 Cilicia, Antitaurus, and North Syria by Great Britain Admiralty


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